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2014-09-20

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Sviatlana Kul-Sialvierstava: September 17 is an ambiguous date

This year’s September marks the 75th anniversary of the unification of the Western Belarusian lands with the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic and the partition of the Polish state between the Third Reich and the Soviet Union. Belarusian Review asked Sviatlana Kul-Sialvierstava, Professor of the Janka Kupala State University of Hrodna and Białystok University of Technology, how these events should be interpreted today.

Belarusian Review: What does the date of 17 September mean for the Belarusian nation?

Sviatlana Kul-Sialvierstava: 17 September is an ambiguous date. It can be celebrated as a day of national reunification. On the other hand, this reunion looked like the transfer of two brothers from different prisons into one, the worst of the two. I would advise not celebrating it, just to commemorate. Eduard Mazko (Belarusian historian and poet, who died early in 2011) once developed the concept that interwar Western Belarus was the area where nation-building processes were taking place and a Belarusian subculture different from that of the Belarusian SSR was forming. This process was difficult and painful because it took place in the adverse conditions of pressure from the Polish state. However, it was taking place, which was not the case in our eastern lands after the extermination period of 1927-37. If 17 September had not occurred, we might have had Hrodna as our own Lviv as well as a different level of national identity.

BR: How does the date of 17 September affect relations between Belarusians and Poles?

SK-S: It does not affect it since both our nations were victims. I live both in Poland and Belarus. Misfits can be found on both sides of the border. I believe that if a Belarusian handed in a collection of documents “Belarus under the heel of Polish invaders” (this was issued just before 17 September) to a Pole, and the Pole will not call the Hrodna region Kresy, everything will be fine.

This article appeared in Belarusian Review, Vol. 26, No. 3.
© 2014 The_Point Journal/Belarusian Review

Keywords: September 17, reunification of Belarus, partitions of Poland, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Belarus-Poland relations, Poles in Belarus, Belarusians in Poland
 

 

 

 

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2017-01-16

The Photograph

This story was written under the pseudonym M. Ramūnas, but was actually written by Motiejus Martišius (1930–2014), who was a teacher of Lithuanian language and literature. The author has given permission for the story to be published under his real name. “The Photograph” is based on actual events experienced by the author.

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2016-05-08

The attitude toward Holocaust in the former Soviet Union and in modern Belarus

The topic of the Holocaust was practically silenced in the Soviet Union after World War II until Gorbachev's perestroika. The tragedy of the Jews who suffered in WWII at the hands of the Nazis was not be found in Soviet research literature, encyclopedias, textbooks or scientific publications. The scale of the Holocaust tragedy, the examples of brutality and sadism, were silenced, as well as the heroism of the few who counter to obvious logic were saving the Jews, despite deadly threats for themselves and their families. Jewish genocide was not talked about openly.  History teachers and their pupils, history students and the lecturers, did not know about it, neither did the man on the street.

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2016-04-25

Chernobyl: A Personal Memoir

April 26, 2016 marks the thirtieth anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster, the world’s worst civilian nuclear disaster. What follows is a personal story of my association with the event, and its Belarusian context in particular. Over time one’s views change and I don’t equate the person I was then with the one I am now. Moreover, one’s views are never static. So it seemed most useful to offer a retrospective look in light of three decades of information and personal experience. I cannot pretend that I have followed the situation in the evacuated zone closely for the past ten years, and my interest was only fleeting in the period 1996-2006. But for a decade it pretty well dominated my academic life and much of my personal one as well.

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2015-12-10

Chernobyl and Belarus

Having had the “honor” of exposure to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant both before and immediately after the April 26, 1986, catastrophic accident there, I am pleased to join others in Belarusian Review’s commemoration of the 30th anniversary of that event.

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2015-11-19

Robert Mickiewicz: Polish-Lithuanian dispute is useful for Russia

Polish culture in the Vilnius (Polish: Wilno, Belarusian: Viĺnia – BR) region has a centuries-old history and for a long time it dominated this area. In the post-war Soviet Union, the Vilnius region was the only territory of the USSR where Polish identity could be cultivated legally. "Belarusian Review" discusses Soviet policies toward Lithuanian Poles with Robert Mickiewicz, editor-in-chief of "Kurier Wileński" (English: "Vilnius/Wilno Courier" – BR), the oldest continuously published Polish newspaper in Lithuania.

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2015-11-04

BR Working Paper #5 released in cooperation with the CBS

'Late Soviet Constitutional Law and Non-Russian Union Republics: Unequal Among Equals?' by Belarusian Review editor-in-chief Dr. Kiryl Kascian is now released as BR Working Paper #5. This analysis is a result of cooperation between Belarusian Review and the Kansas-based Center for Belarusian Studies.

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2015-10-16

1939: new Soviet “masters” started absorption of another internal colony

The Belarusian Oral History Archive project is aimed at collection and preservation of oral testimonies of historical events from eyewitnesses, as well as at the promotion of research and re-assessment of the Soviet period of Belarus' history. The Belarusian Review asked scientific curator of the project Professor Dr. Ales Smalianchuk to introduce the initiative and its main thematic research areas.

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2015-10-06

Ales Kraucevic: City Days Strengthen the Tradition of Democracy

Perhaps every Belarusian urban settlement has its own city or town day. This day is normally linked with a special date in the history of the city or town. The choice of a specific date usually depends not only on the city's/town's history, but also on local authorities. The Belarusian Review has asked well-known Belarusian historian Dr. Ales Kraucevic to comment on authorities' logic in the selection of city/town days in today's Belarus.

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2015-08-31

Belarusians in the UK: library as a soft-power tool

When the Anglo-Belarusian Society held an event a few months ago commemorating the life and work of Guy Picarda, a former Chair of the Society and promoter of the Belarusian culture in the UK, one of his close friends noted that Guy Picarda re-discovered Belarusian sacral music for people in Belarus. It was not an exaggeration to say: he indeed was the first researcher to take the Belarusian sacral music tradition seriously and approached it as a researcher. Most of his research was conducted at the Francis Skaryna Belarusian Library and Museum in London. Using Belarusians’ own heritage, Picarda effectively created a new field of knowledge for Belarusians. Many similar stories going back to the network of Belarusian organisations and institutions in London established after the Second World War can be told. Among those organisations, the Skaryna Library is the best known and respected.

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2015-06-24

Rada BNR has published its extended annual report

The Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic has published its extended annual report for 2012, 2013 and 2014. The report comprises a short description of the international and national events for the relevant years, an illustrated chronological list of activities of the Rada, and selected documents released during this period: statements, speeches, open letters and appeals. 

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2015-06-22

BR Working Paper #4 released in cooperation with the CBS

'The romanization of Belarusian: an unnecessary dualism' by Belarusian Review editor-in-chief Dr. Kiryl Kascian is now released as BR Working Paper #4. It is a result of cooperation between Belarusian Review and the Kansas-based Center for Belarusian Studies.

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2015-05-27

Belarus and Russia's Expansionist Policies

The nuanced connections between perception and assumption, what we see and what we are predisposed to understand, play a significant role in the interpretation of distanced geopolitical environments. The intentions of a government, the sentiments and conviction of a population are not always clearly evident. This is the case with Belarus since Putin’s annexation of Crimea and actions in Ukraine.

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2015-05-22

Victor Shadursky: the keys to improving the quality of national higher education are in Belarus

On May 14th, it was announced that Belarus joined the European Higher Education Area (the Bologna Process). Belarusian Review asked Professor Victor Shadursky, Dean of the International Relations Faculty at the Belarusian State University, to share his views on the opportunities that EHEA accession opens for Belarusian institutions of higher education.

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2015-03-09

Belarusian Studies in the West

In the late 1990s, it seemed, the Western world finally took note of the Republic of Belarus. Two major conferences were held at the Davis Center, Harvard University in 1999 and the European Research Institute at the University of Bath in 2000, which brought together a wide array of scholars, from Belarus, EU countries, and North America. Both ultimately resulted in publications. Why the sudden interest? It seemed to be a combination of factors.

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2015-03-04

Retrospective Positions and Introspective Critiques: A Belarusist in the Academic Trenches

As a senior scholar, I have followed the path outlined above and I have been both empowered and disadvantaged by my specialty. The reality is that, as a focus of research, Belarus is a rarity in American and Canadian academies and finding an environment where one is valued and can specifically teach to one’s specialty is even rarer. This absence of Belarus in general curricula about Eastern Europe has broader implications.

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2015-02-13

Ivonka Survilla: our region is not safe from invasion

Both Belarus and Ukraine are often viewed through their geographic location between the European Union and Russia, and perceived as objects of geopolitical competition among these two centers of gravity. Belarusian Review has interviewed Ivonka Survilla, the President of the BNR Rada, about  Belarus' geopolitical choices and lessons which our country could learn from the Ukrainian crisis.

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2015-01-26

Release of Belarusian Review Working Paper #3

'Definition of a national minority à la Belarus: dynamism or droop?' by Belarusian Review editor-in-chief Dr. Kiryl Kascian is now released as BR Working Paper #3.

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2015-01-13

The Winter 2014 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are proud to present our readers the Winter 2014 issue of the Belarusian Review!

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2014-12-03

Ivonka Survilla: Belarus has been affected by a lack of knowledge about this country

Belarus is often perceived as a part of the so-called “Russosphere” which is explained by the alleged “cultural preconditions”. The Belarusian Review has asked Ivonka Survilla, the President of the BNR Rada, whether this view contributes to understanding of Belarus.

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2014-11-04

BR Working Paper #2 released

'Belarus-EU Relations: Ad Hoc Actions vs. Pre-developed Strategy' by Belarusian Review editor-in-chief Dr. Kiryl Kascian is now released as BR Working Paper #2.

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2014-10-27

Jaŭhien Miranovič: no one could stop Stalin in settling territorial problems in our part of Europe

In 2015 it will be the 70th anniversary of the transfer of the city of Białystok and its adjacent areas from the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic to the communist Poland based on the Soviet-Polish border treaty. As a result, the current Belarusian-Polish border was established and a single ethno-cultural region was divided into the Belarusian and Polish parts. How has the establishment of this border affected the relations between Belarusians and Poles in the region of Białystok? What did it mean for the Belarusians of the Białystok region and the Poles of the Hrodna region? How could today’s Belarus look like if the Białystok region would have remained within its borders? The Belarusian Review has asked Professor Jaŭhien Miranovič (Polish: Eugeniusz Mironowicz) these questions.

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2014-10-16

Belarusian Review launches BR Working Papers series

Belarusian Review and The_Point Journal launch a series of BR Working Papers focused on various areas of Belarusian studies within a wider regional perspective: political and economic situation, foreign and domestic policies, culture and history, identity issues and interethnic relations.

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2014-10-01

George Stankevich: an appreciation

It is with great sadness, but also with great admiration that we say good-bye to George Stankevich, long-time editor of the Belarusian Review journal. George Stankevich, or Jurka, as we all called him, had a special place in the hearts of the members of the Belarusian community in the Czech Republic.

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2014-09-20

Sviatlana Kul-Sialvierstava: September 17 is an ambiguous date

This year’s September marks the 75th anniversary of the unification of the Western Belarusian lands with the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic and the partition of the Polish state between the Third Reich and the Soviet Union. Belarusian Review asked Sviatlana Kul-Sialvierstava, Professor of the Janka Kupala State University of Hrodna and Białystok University of Technology, how these events should be interpreted today.

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2014-08-31

Belarusian Review: a Word of Appreciation in the Light of the Russian-Ukrainian War

For a better understanding of the East-European political landscape, especially now in relation with Russia’s aggressive  foray into Ukraine, one has to take a closer look at Ukraine’s northern neighbor, Belarus, a nation of nine-and-a-half million people with a strategic location on the line between Berlin and Moscow.

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2014-08-28

Licínia Simão: Belarusian studies as such do not exist in Portugal

In 2013 Belarusian Review launched a project which depicts the contemporary state of Belarusian studies abroad. So far it has covered four countries – France, Latvia (vol. 25, issue 4), Norway and Sweden (vol. 26, issue 1). In this issue Belarusian Review goes southwards and asks Licínia Simão, assistant professor at the School of Economics, University of Coimbra, about Belarus-related research in Portugal.

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2014-07-03

Liberation Seventy Years on in Belarus

Two events of note took place in Belarus recently. The first was the June survey of the Independent Institute of Social-Economic and Political Research indicating that Belarusians strongly disliked the Euromaidan and its removal of former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych from power. The second was the arrival of Vladimir Putin in Minsk to mark “Independence Day” (July 3) and the opening of the lavish new Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War.

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2014-06-19

The Summer 2014 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

This latest issue of Belarusian Review contains a tribute to Joe Arciuch, the founder and first editor-in-chief of Belarusian Review who passed away a year ago. His idea to establish Belarusian in order to inform the world about Belarus has developed into what is now the oldest continuously published journal in English language fully devoted to Belarus. We start this issue with an appreciation to his commitment expressed by people who knew him as a friend and a colleague - David H. Swartz, first U.S. ambassador to again-independent Belarus, and Ivonka J. Survilla, President of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in Exile.

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2014-06-16

Joe Arciuch: an appreciation

Together with many, many others I was saddened by the passing of my good friend, Joe Arciuch. I knew Joe very well and cooperated with him on numerous projects, beginning in early 1992 when I was nominated as U.S. ambassador to Belarus. Joe was kind, patient, tenacious, and very goal-focused. As a tribute to him and his life as a true Belarusian patriot, I would like to share with readers of Belarusian Review a number of projects Joe and I worked on together. They underscore the significance and consistency of Joe’s commitment to Belarusian affairs.

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2014-06-16

A missed friend

There is no greater misfortune in life than losing a friend. In the case of Joe Arciuch, the Belarusian community has lost not only a friend, but a tireless advocate for the independence and future of their beloved “lost homeland” – Belarus.

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2014-06-02

Man who helped to really understand Belarus

Thus far, much has been written about Hienadź Buraŭkin by those who knew him closely. I don’t belong to them, yet I was fortunate enough to know this man personally.  We became acquainted in April 2013 in Vilnia during a Conference of Belarusians of the Baltic region and diaspora; it also coincided with the anniversary of the chairman of the Association of Belarusian Culture in Lithuania, Chviedar Niuńka. Thereafter I was twice in Buraŭkin’s Minsk apartment, recording interviews with him. These discussions lasted several hours each, and embraced various matters; however, regardless of the topics, I was facing a Man and Citizen with a vast amount of wisdom and dignity.  Such a captivating personality, made me want to listen and interrogate him again and again.

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2014-04-02

The Spring 2014 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

The first 2014 issue of Belarusian Review is emerging when the post-Soviet space has received overwhelming international attention due to the conflict between two Belarus’ neighbors, Russia and Ukraine, and annexation of the Crimea from the latter by the former. The development of these events has been triggered by the evolution of protests in Ukraine that started in November 2013 as a reaction to the decision of the Ukrainian authorities to postpone signing of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. Belarus was not been directly involved, but nevertheless was directly affected by the situation in Ukraine.

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2014-03-02

My Motherland is in my soul

Belarusian athletes surprised the world by winning five gold medals and one bronze at the Olympics in late February 2014. Belaru? left Poland, Great Britain, Australia, and many other countries with more substantial reputation in politics, economy, and culture in the dust. So who is Belaru?? Most of the world does not know much about this country, its complex history, and great literature. In fact, the literature describes the lives of people with diverse origins, ethnicities, faiths, and cultures.

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2014-02-24

Belarusian Studies in Scandinavia

In this issue Belarusian Review asks two scholars from Sweden and one from Norway to provide their vision of the current state of Belarusian studies in their countries. These scholars are Andrej Kotljarchuk, senior researcher at Södertorn University and university lecturer at Stockholm University, Jakub Święcicki, research associate at Swedish Institute of International Affairs, and Martin Paulsen, postdoctoral fellow at University of Bergen. All scholars expressed their own view of the situation in written form, independently from each other. Belarusian Review keeps the answers received from the interviewed scholars unchanged, as these answers have been sent to the editorial board.

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2014-01-29

Belarus – EU: how to deal with the outsider?

In the editorial to the recent issue of Belarusian Review (vol. 25, issue 4), Hanna Vasilevich and I argue that Belarus remains in the “second tier” of the EU Eastern Partnership initiative. This secondary Belarusian position has been erroneously interpreted as an argument for Belarus to have no other choice than to be under the influence of Putin’s Russia.

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2013-12-30

The Winter 2013 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are proud to present our readers the Winter issue of the Belarusian Review in 2013!

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2013-12-18

Radzim Harecki: to reach a Belarusian Belarus

The history of our country knows many significant events, many outstanding people. Radzim Harecki is one of those who continue creating Belarus. Between 1993 and 2001 he has been the president of the World Association of Belarusians “Baćkaŭščyna”, since then a member of the Association’s Council, a member of Belarus’ Academy of Sciences, a civic activist, author of many scholarly and journalist works. He represents for many a moral authority and a life’s reference point. Recently, on December 7, Radzim Harecki celebrated his 85th anniversary. This served as a good chance to inquire Mr. Harecki about his life and his road to Belarus, about his activity in the World Association of Belarusians “Baćkaŭščyna” and much more. We offer his story to our readers’ attention.

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2013-12-07

The state of studies of Belarusians’ history in Latvia

Already at the end of the 19th century Belarusians comprised a considerable part of Latgalia's (Eastern Latvia) population. In the interwar period their number ranged between 75,000 in 1920 and 27,000 in 1935. This text is not aimed at the discussion of the reasons for such drastic changes in the number of Belarusians. However, it can be emphasized that in any case Belarusians have comprised about 2-4% of independent Latvia's population. Moreover they have developed an active social life. Today, Latvia's Belarusians represent the country's second largest national minority and this minority's history is therefore acquiring special importance.

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2013-12-05

Journalist and writer Natalka Babina unveils modern-day Belarus in her novel Down Among the Fishes

Until now poorly represented in the Western part of the world, Belarusian literary voice gets a chance to open up about the real state of things in this corner of Eastern Europe. Today mostly associated with the personality of President Lukashenka, Belarus remains a terra incognita for the rest of the world. Babina’s surprisingly fresh portrait of today’s Belarus celebrates the country’s diverse demographics be it business, education, culture or just the way people go about their daily errands.

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2013-11-22

Belarusian Studies in France: a Lost Cause?

In the 1990s, a student wishing to submit a dissertation topic or thesis on Belarus in France faced a real obstacle course. Before describing the problem he/she had chosen to work on, he/she was obliged to respond to numerous and varied questions, sometimes remote from scholarly considerations. Does Belarus exist? Does the Belarusian language exist? Is the “Byelorussian” similar to Russian? Can we still not say that Belarus is Poland? Can we still not say that Belarus is Russia? These questions and the virulence with which they were sometimes asked unveiled a tense political and ideological context, probably unique to French academic circles, where “sovietologists” were used to study the concepts of the USSR and Russia in a strictly equal ratio, and where the gap between supporters and opponents of the Soviet Union lost de facto all reality when facing speeches that could jeopardize the unity of the so called 'Eastern Slavic family'.

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2013-09-30

The Fall 2013 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are proudly presenting our readers the Fall issue of the Belarusian Review in 2013! The Fall 2013 issue of Belarusian Review encompasses a variety of texts related to various spheres of life and dealing with Belarus-related topics.

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2013-09-28

On People Mobility in "the State for the People"

Prior to the third Eastern Partnership summit scheduled for November in Vilnius the EaP region has drawn significant international attention. The expected signing of the association package between the EU and Ukraine induces a quite nervous reaction from Moscow that attempts to pull Ukraine into the Customs Union with subsequent Russia-centric political alignment and advancement of economic ties. Such a reaction may be explained by the approach that has always dominated Russian politics towards ex-USSR countries after 1991 and became even more pronounced after Putin became Russian president for the first time. Within this approach, Russia sees itself as a natural and the only geopolitical center and leader of the post-Soviet space. Therefore, any attempts of other states or formations to take role of integration centers in the post-Soviet space would be interpreted by the Kremlin as an intrusion into its semi-domestic affairs and induce a certain degree of counter-actions to bring an “insurgent” country into Russia’s sphere of gravity. In other words, the recent stance of Moscow towards Kyiv proves that Russia is trying to convince Ukraine take the path Belarus has been following for number of years.

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2013-09-18

The Congress of Slavists in Minsk, August 20-27, 2013

From 20 to 27 of August, 2013  I had the opportunity to attend the Congress of Slavists, a traditional international conference, taking place only once in 5 years. It is a very important scholarly event; every young slavist considers it an honor to attend it. For the first time in history it took place in Belarus, in Minsk, which for Belarusianists meant a pleasant fortune that might not be repeated in decades.

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2013-09-06

Zachar Šybieka: Citizens of Belarus so far don’t have an Independence Holiday

The year 2014 will be the 70th anniversary of Belarus’ liberation from German Nazi invaders. The consequences of World War II had already in Soviet times a tremendously important meaning in the state’s policy; however, beginning with 1996 the day of Belarus’ liberation from German Nazi invaders is being observed as the main state holiday - the Independence Day (Day of the Republic). How important is World War II in the current state’s policy?  How does the present authorities’ interpretation of those events differ from that in the former Belarusian SSR?  Does the society identify the liberation from German Nazi invaders with independence? How does the observance of the main state holiday on this date of liberation affect the perception of that war by the young generation? Belarusian Review has asked the well-known Belarusian historian, professor Zachar Šybieka these questions.

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2013-09-04

Aleś Kraŭcevič: In the Soviet Union’s Conditions Belarusians were Foisted the Russian View of the GDL as a Lithuanian State

Constitutional acts of the Belarusian Democratic Republic (BNR) as well as those of the present Republic Belarus, although indirectly, refer to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (GDL) as one of forms of the Belarusian historical statehood. However, in the western historical literature in the context of political history Belarus is in no way identified with GDL.  Why did this happen? What should be done so that Belarus  begins being  identified at least partially with GDL  in the western historical research of the region’s political history. Belarusian Review has addressed  with this question the well-known Belarusian historian and GDL expert, Dr. Aleś Kraŭcevič.

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2013-08-17

BAZA Representative Participated in the Sixth Convention of Belarusians of the World in Minsk

The Sixth Convention of Belarusians of the World, organized by the World Association of Belarusians “Backaushcyna”  (“Fatherland”), took place on July 23-24, 2013, at the Johannes Rau International Educational Center, in Minsk.  Present at the convention were 239 delegates and 95 guests from 18 foreign countries and from Belarus.  Also in attendance at the convention were representatives from the diplomatic missions of Ukraine, the United States, Poland and the Netherlands, as well as 14 representatives from Belarusian government institutions.  Representing the Belarusan-American Association (BAZA) was the president of the Washington, DC Chapter, Alice Kipel, who was among only four Belarusians from the United States in attendance.

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2013-08-15

Chviedar Niunka: my impressions after the Sixth World Congress of Belarusians

Chviedar Niunka, chairman of the Belarusian Culture Association in Lithuania, speaks about his impressions of the Sixth World Congress of Belarusians

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2013-07-30

Belarusian Review invites new authors

Belarusian Review is the oldest continuously published journal in English language fully devoted to Belarus: to its current political and economic situation, culture and history, as well as to Belarusian diaspora. Already for 25 years Belarusian Review has been fully filling this niche, both as a printed journal and since 2011 as an electronic edition made in cooperation with The_Point Journal, providing a broad audience interested in Belarusian matters with journalist, analytical and scholarly texts. Our journal would like to invite new authors, particularly young scholars and analysts dealing with issues related to Belarus.

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2013-07-06

The Summer 2013 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are delighted to present our readers the Summer 2013 issue of the Belarusian Review. The second issue of Belarusian Review in 2013 presents our readership a variety of articles devoted to the various Belarus-related topics.

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2013-07-04

Belarusians officially recognized as national minority in the Czech Republic

In 2010, at the beginning of our campaign for the recognition of Belarusians as a national minority in the Czech Republic, our exclusive goal was to achieve this result. Earlier attempts by representatives of the local Belarusian community did not go beyond talks with individual representatives of the Czech political  society; they were often told that their chances of  achieving this result are  very small, and  that, in general, the issue is too complicated.  Taking into account this experience,  the Belarusian  community has  decided to tackle the issue of recognition from a different angle: by first analyzing the Czech laws on requirements for the official recognition of a national minority, in order to determine Belarusians’ realistic chances, — and, on basis of this analysis,  by mapping out a new strategy of action.

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2013-07-04

Brave policy thinking: the time is now

The uneventfulness of the last several months could not have been but disappointing for anyone hoping to see the political prisoners in Belarus freed soon, and the current efforts to that end vindicated. A lack of closure to the post-December 2010 bout of political repressions means the pro-democratic community inside Belarus is still “bleeding”, as some of its most prominent figures and activists remain in jail, while others have been effectively forced out of public life or have had to leave the country. This brings home the question whether the current scope of the EU and US measures – intended primarily to discourage Lukashenka from brutality against his political opponents – has been quite adequate for the purpose.

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2013-06-15

Time for a radical change in U.S. relations with Belarus

America’s Belarus policy since the mid-1990s has had little if any positive impact on the dictatorial regime of Alyaksandr Lukashenka. His autocratic regime has evolved into a particularly dictatorial and brutal one. The United States officially declared that the December, 2010, presidential election in Belarus was fatally flawed and that, consequently, Lukashenka is not the legitimate president of Belarus. He responded with the most brutal repression yet of Belarus’ democratic opposition.

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2013-06-04

Valer Bulhakaŭ: Today ARCHE faces elementary issue of survival

On May 22, 2013 the minister of information Aleh Praliaskoŭski undersigned the certificate on the state registration of the periodical ”ARCHE. Pačatak.” Thus, after  months-long efforts, the periodical,  observing this year its 15th anniversary, was granted renewal of the registration. This means that from now on there are no  legal obstacles to publishing the paper version of  ARCHE. Valer Bulhakaŭ, the editor-in-chief of ARCHE, comments the fact of the registration renewal  for the Belarusian Review.

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2013-05-05

From Chereya to Chicago - a memoir by Mikhail Mirkin

For a historian who really wants to recreate the past, it is not sufficient to know and understand the past era in question, nor is it sufficient for him or her to have a fertile imagination and the skills of a storyteller – there must also be documents and eyewitness accounts. Together these will create a picture that can persuade the general reader of the authenticity of the events described, and will contribute to the comprehension of the period that has never entirely disappeared, but continues to live on in the thoughts and feelings of the children and grandchildren of those who experienced it.

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2013-04-02

The Spring 2013 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

This year our journal celebrates its 25th anniversary. We would like to thank our editors-in-chief, Joe Arciuch and George Stankevich. We are also grateful to our editorial team, all our contributors, supporters and our most valuable readership.

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2013-04-01

BNR Rada greetings to Belarusian Review

On behalf of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in Exile, I am pleased to congratulate the publishers, the editors, and the many authors who have contributed to the success of Belarusian Review since its foundation in 1988.

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2013-04-01

Center for Belarusian Studies greetings to Belarusian Review

The Center for Belarusian Studies is pleased to offer its congratulations to Belarusian Review on the occasion of its twenty-fifth anniversary. This respected publication has become a fundamental resource for discourse about Belarus.

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2013-03-27

Giving Voice: Center for Belarusian Studies White Paper Series

The Center for Belarusian Studies is pleased to announce a new initiative for 2013. In light of the increased censorship of those engaged in commenting about the status of civil society in Belarus, whether in higher education or in the media, the Center of Belarusian Studies would like to provide a location for the expression and the exchange of ideas as a way to encourage the presence of so many important voices in the public sphere. The Center invites submissions for publication on its website on topics relevant to the contemporary issues and past experiences that affect Belarus.

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2013-03-12

Living with a Scent of Danger: European Adventures at the Fall of Communism - a memoir by Joanne Ivy Stankievich

Being bugged by Communist secret police on a trip behind the Iron Curtain and later living through the corrupt chaos of post-Communist Prague: these were but two of the many adventures Joanne recounts in this memoir. It covers the years 1988 - 2001 when she and her husband Walter (Viachka) lived in Munich, Prague and Florence. His work, related to his homeland of Belarus, included eight years as Director of the Belarus Service for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty: while she searched for her own niche by developing a business in Italy, experiencing cultural differences, some humorous, some potentially dangerous

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2013-03-11

Belarus' colonial legacy

The Western medias’ continue tendency to regard Belarus as a post-Soviet ”Russophone” country, with no language and culture of its own. This impression is intensified by the fact that the present Belarus’ president and the country’s leadership  prefer to use Russian in communicating with the country’s people.  Their choice seems to be politically motivated, since for most of them Belarusian is not a foreign language.

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2013-03-05

Belarusian Institute of Arts and Sciences greetings to Belarusian Review

At the start of the 25th year of publication of Belarusian Review we sincerely congratulate you on such a remarkable achievement and express our gratitude to an impressive number of devoted contributors who have been informing the English speaking world about events and developments in Belarus

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2013-02-25

NAABS greetings to Belarusian Review

The North American Association for Belarusian Studies would like to congratulate Belarusian Review on its 25th anniversary. Belarusian Review has served as a model of a popular journal that provides careful and objective information about Belarus, without hyperbole or acrimony.

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2013-02-11

Belarusian ice hockey: spectator in Sochi

In short sport tournaments each single game is of essential importance. This was exactly what happened to the Belarus national ice hockey team during the Olympic qualification tournament in the deeply provincial Danish town of Vojens. In the very first game of the tournament Belarus lost 2-4 to Slovenia. The subsequent victory of the ex-Yugoslav nation against Denmark 2-1 supplied Slovenians with tickets to Sochi 2014 as winners of the qualification tournament in the Group F regardless of results of the third-day match when Slovenia was to meet the outsiders from Ukraine. Thus, the closing game of the tournament between Belarus and Denmark has turned into a friendly match instead of being the final battle of favorites.

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2013-01-09

King Stakh’s Wild Hunt by Uladzimir Karatkevich in English

Glagoslav Publications is pleased to bring to your attention a special title, Belarusian cultural heritage, historical mystery with gothic elements King Stakh’s Wild Hunt by Uladzimir Karatkevich, published in English by Glagoslav Publications.

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2013-01-08

Belarus in the Main Spanish Media (November - December 2012)

Belarus in the Main Spanish Media: November-December 2012 News Digest

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2012-12-22

The Winter 2012 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are proud to present our readers the Winter issue of the Belarusian Review in 2012!

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2012-12-04

Ivonka Survilla on the Vilnius Memorandum

As President of the Rada, I have become well acquainted with the  challenges of representing a government in exile. Some of these challenges have much to do with the processes of government at the macro level: breaking through assumptions that dictate government policies and calling attention to the issues that affect  Belarus, its internal realities under Lukashenka, and its external potential in relation to the EU. Part of these challenges have to do with the nature of discourse about Belarus and how the producers of such discourse lose sight of the broad implications of political process and cooperation, thereby diffusing the potential diplomatic and practical effect of democratic efforts.

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2012-11-30

Concluding Memorandum on Measures to Safeguard the Independence of Belarus (Vilnius Memorandum)

Concluding Memorandum of Consultative Meeting of Leaders of Belarusian Political and Civic Organisations and the President of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in Exile on Measures to Safeguard the Independence of Belarus.

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2012-11-27

“Women in Politics” – a new educational publication about Belarus and the post-socialist space

A Belarusian women’s non-profit organization “ADLIGA – The International Centre for Gender initiatives: Women for Full Citizenship” is happy to announce this new publication. It is an educational feminist journal entitled “Women in Politics: New Approaches to the Political” – «Женщины в политике: Новые подоходы к политическому».

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2012-11-23

Aliaksandr Milinkevich on the Vilnia Memorandum:

The Vilnia meeting was initiated by the BNR Rada, the holder of the statehood tradition and of moral values for the absolute majority of our democratic community.It is very important that almost all leaders of political opposition have signed the Memorandum.

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2012-11-15

Uladzimir Baradach on the Vilnia Memorandum: ”A historical step made; another is needed, not less important”

On November 3, 2012, in Vilnia,  a unique meeting took place : the leadership of the Rada  BNR met with leaders of Belarus’political parties and civic organizations.

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2012-10-26

Belarusian Studies: Underestimated Potential

Belarus can hardly be described as a country which attracts much attention from international scholars and analysts. Despite this fact all Belarus-related studies and analyses may roughly be described as those produced within a so-called “triadic nexus” that consists of Belarusian authors, foreign authors who focus on Belarus, and the authors who come from Belarusians living abroad, either from indigenous minorities in the neighboring countries or from Belarusian diasporas of migrant origin.

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2012-10-02

Belarus in the main Spanish media, September 2012

A media digest of the main Spanish media on Belarus and Belarus-related issues in September 2012.

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2012-10-02

The Fall 2012 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are happy to present our readers the Fall issue of the Belarusian Review in 2012.

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2012-09-01

Belarus in the Latvian Media (Summer 2012)

Traditionally in the Latvian media Belarus attracts less attention than, for example, the neighboring Russian Federation. The news topics which brought Belarus into the pages of Latvian media are sport (especially ice-hockey), politics (“teddy-bear attack”, plush toys toys which bore messages urging Belarus to respect human rights were dropped from a Swedish plane over Belarusian territory), economy and culture (topics are placed in the descending order).

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2012-08-26

Belarus in the main Spanish media – media digest of the summer period

A media digest of the main Spanish media on Belarus and Belarus-related issues during the summer 2012 period.

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2012-08-16

International recognition of Belarusian Lacinka

The participants of the Tenth Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names that took place at the United Nations Headquarters in New York between July 31st and August 10th, 2012 have approved the system of Roman alphabet transliteration of Belarusian geographical names proposed by the State Committee on Property of the Republic of Belarus.

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2012-07-05

On Indetermination of Geopolitical Choice

Recent IISEPS poll results have become the bottom line for the editorial by Kirył Kaścian published in Belarus Review lately. Posing questions while leaving literally no room for any alternative options other than “either-or” choice reflects the principal flimsiness of many polls and geopolitical analyses on the post-Soviet space, be it journalist or academic inquiry. Irrespective of the origins of such analyses, most of them tend to operate with a Cold War style mind-sets.

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2012-07-03

Simple Mathematics

I remember a math problem from my school years: how much time would it take Z to get from point A to point C, traveling through point B? This was quite a simple task, but one has to correctly consider the conditions given in order to get the proper answer. In other words, the correct answer depends on the configuration of points A, B, and C, the speed and other characteristics of Z, as well as other relevant factors. This association comes to mind when I see texts on the geopolitical choices of Belarus, attempting to discuss the apparent preferences of the Belarusian population and to measure pro-European sentiment in Belarus.

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2012-07-03

The Summer 2012 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are delighted to present our readers the Summer 2012 issue of the Belarusian Review.

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2012-03-17

The Spring 2012 issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are happy to present our readers the first issue of the Belarusian Review in 2012.

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2012-03-14

Lukashenka’s Grave Miscalculation

The EU’s relations with Belarus took its lowest point ever by the end of February 2012, when the EU countries recalled their ambassadors from Minsk in a diplomatic tit-for-tat. This time the Belarusian president seems to have miscalculated gravely if he expected to drive a wedge between Poland and the EU regarding their approaches to Belarus.

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2012-03-14

Will the Prospective Eurasian Union Become a ’Lite’ Version of the USSR?

In recent years, Belarus and Kazakhstan are being further involved in the Russia-backed integration project known under labels of the Eurasian Economic Community, the Customs Union, the newly (re)created Common Economic Space and finally the prospective Eurasian Union. Leadership in all three countries considers this integration project as the most promising foreign policy initiative, though many observers and political commentators were less enthusiastic. What role is given to Belarus and Kazakhstan in this ambitious project and how do Lukashenka and Nazarbayev perceive it?

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2012-03-04

Slovenia – Belarus: Sometimes Silence and Absence Are More Eloquent than Words

Slovenian foreign politics can be horribly wrong, was my thought when I heard about my country‘s decision to block the EU‘s move to include the Belarus tycoon Jury Čyž in the European black list.  As a journalist, and unlike many diplomats,  I can afford the luxury of being direct when it comes to injustice multiplied by political shortsightedness — for there are no other words for a situation when a man who has a dubious fame of  being Europe‘s last dictator‘s personal banker got away with a cozy contract of 100 mln euros with a Slovenian firm. Press agencies wrote that not without a little help from his Slovenian friends that man once again got himself the right to do business as usual, which includes not only traveling to the EU countries but also allegedly keeping his banking accounts in Western Europe.

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2012-01-17

Belarus’ post-Soviet Alliances

Ukraine is trying to avoid following the Belarusian model of post-Soviet alignment which offers deep integration only with Russia. Unlike his Ukrainian colleagues, Aliaksandr Lukashenka has not managed to diversify his country’s alliance choices.

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2011-12-19

Official Recognition of National Minorities in Czech Republic

Mutual relations between Belarusian and Czech peoples have a long history. One of most remarkable events in Belarus’ history is connected with Prague, where in 1517 the Belarusian humanist, Dr. Francišak Skaryna published the first Belarusian printed book — the Bible. Today all Belarusians are familiar with this fact. Later, in the 20th century, democratic Czechoslovakia was among first European countries to recognize Belarus’ independence, and offered refuge to the Belarusian government-in-exile. Despite these historically close ties the Belarusian community in the Czech Republic currently does not enjoy the status of an officially recognized National Minority.

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2011-10-01

Assisting a Little-known Nation

After twenty years of its independence, Belarus can hardly be characterized as a well-known country in the world. Indeed, many people do know that such a country exists, and many can name certain events, people or sport teams that are associated in their minds with Belarus. Probably the most internationally known Belarusian “brands” are Chornobyl and Lukašenka.

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2011-09-27

First International Congress of Belarusian Studies in Kaunas

On September 23-25, 2011 Lithuanian Kaunas hosted about 200 participants from 14 countries who gathered to take part in the First International Congress of Belarusian Studies.

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2011-07-08

The SUMMER issue of the BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are proud to present to the readers the second issue of the “Belarusian Review” in 2011.

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2011-07-02

The Three Wounds of Belarus

Major international attention was directed toward Belarus after the December 2010 elections, primarily in connection with the imprisonment of ex-candidates for the presidency and participants in the protest rally on December 19, 2011. Throughout the winter Belarus suffered the consequences of the post-election events. Spring, however, did not bring any relief. While commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Čarnobyl disaster and on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the end of the Nazi occupation during the WWII, Belarus faced an unexpected and terrible bomb explosion in the center of usually peaceful and safe Minsk.

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2011-05-10

BELARUSIAN REVIEW needs your help!

“Belarusian Review” is the only journal in English language fully devoted to Belarus: its current political and economic situation, culture and history, as well as to Belarusian diaspora. “Belarusian Review” fully fills this niche, both as a printed journal and an electronic edition made in cooperation with “The_Point Journal”. Today “Belarusian Review” needs your help. The journal lives on money coming from subscribers and donations. Subscription cannot always cover all the costs; therefore your financial assistance is needed. Any donation will be useful and will go to a good cause.

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2011-05-03

The consequences of the Treaty of Riga (1921) – conference in Biełastok

The consequences of the Treaty of Riga (1921) for the Central and Eastern Europe’s political and military history were the main focus of the international conference that took place in Biełastok on April 28-29, 2011.

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2011-05-01

Chornobyl – 25 years

Last week, 26 April 2011, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine commemorated a sad anniversary – 25 years since the Chornobyl disaster.

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2011-03-31

The spring 2011 issue of BELARUSIAN REVIEW is out!

We are proud to present to the readers the first issue of the “Belarusian Review” in 2011.

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2011-03-28

Imprisoned Freedom

The Freedom Day celebration in Minsk ended with imprisonment of 70 persons. The opposition in Minsk failed to stage the traditional joint rally.

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2011-03-21

Dashed dreams on the Christams eve

For some in Belarus, the end of 2010 crushed their hopes for change; for others, it proved that nothing can threaten Belarusian stability.

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2011-03-20

Time for Policy Shift

The years of Western attempts to develop meaningful engagement with the dictatorship in Belarus ended with a period of liberalization prior to the presidential election in December 2010. This period was marked by the government’s rather tolerant attitude toward the opposing candidates during the registration process; and the campaign itself was relatively unimpeded. The liberalization, however, ended immediately after the closing of the polls and the announcement of results with a brutal dispersion of tens of thousands of peaceful demonstrators protesting yet another stolen election.

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2010-09-25

Francišak Bahuševič honored in Vilnia

On September 17 a memorial plaque of Francišak Bahusevič, the father of the modern Belarusian literature, was unveiled in Vilnia. The opening was timed to the 170th anniversary of Bahisevič’s birthday, who was a native of the Vilnia region.

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2010-06-28

Belarus-Russia: Battle is won but is the war over?

The highly discussed situation on the new vintage of the Belarus-Russia gas war was finally solved. Belarus had paid its debt to Russia USD 187 million for gas, while Russia paid Belarus USD 228 million for the transit. The gas supply to the EU was restored, the conflict is considered to be settled.

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Library: recent

 

2017-02-15 23:57:45

Belarusian Review, Special Jewish Issue, 2016

format: .pdf

2015-01-20 18:10:50

Крывія, №34-35, сьнежань 2014

format: .pdf

Maps  

 

News

 

2017-01-16 | The Photograph

2016-05-08 | The attitude toward Holocaust in the former Soviet Union and in modern Belarus

2016-04-25 | Chernobyl: A Personal Memoir

2015-12-10 | Chernobyl and Belarus

Events

 

2015-12-06 | Predictable election in the shadow of the Nobel Prize

2015-05-15 | Censorship as a research subject and as a means of understanding postwar Soviet Belarus

2015-02-02 | Aleś Kraŭcevič: we should be friends with Russia through the border fence

2015-01-11 | Jewish Soldiers in World War II

Law

 

2015-03-02 | Alexander Osipov: Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine still benefit from the Soviet system of diversity governance

2013-06-11 | Alena Makoŭskaja: Belarusians living abroad are strongest advocates of Belarus and its culture

2013-05-31 | Belarusian language banned in the Kontinental Hockey League

2013-05-26 | The 1995 Referendum on national symbols and official languages was not legitimate

Economy

 

2015-11-30 | Belarus’ Economic Slump

2014-09-21 | Georgian Agriculture: Effects of Association with the EU

2014-06-05 | Belarus: impact of the conflict in Ukraine

2013-08-24 | David Marples: Belarus needs to distinguish itself from Russia and Russian policies

Political science

 

2015-10-02 | Eastern Partnership initiative: five year results and future perspectives

2015-05-25 | Prolonging the Victory

2015-03-19 | Sergey Dolgopolov: Belarus and the EU close on in the economic sphere

2015-01-19 | Ivonka Survilla: mythologized history is the basis for Putin’s neo-Soviet rhetoric

Other domains

 

2015-11-23 | Searching for Belarusianness in the southern Pskov region

2015-11-12 | The Space: Between Silesia and Podlasie

2015-09-14 | The Cookbook as Political Statement: A Note on Two Belarusian Examples

2015-06-06 | Again about Skaryna in Padua: Attendees

 
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